knee pain physio

Knee Pain Physio


Knee Pain generally falls into two criteria: 

  1. Pain that is generated from structures outside of the knee joint that be recreated through direct pressure. These injuries involved superficial muscles and ligaments or the kneecap. This type of knee is less serious and is improved with physiotherapy rehabilitation.
  2. The more serious type of knee pain is that which is generated internally inside the knee joint. This is more serious as it involves the deeper structures of the knee, eg the cruciate ligaments or the knee cartilage.

Causes of Knee Pain

As the knee is a weight-bearing joint it undergoes significant load during walking and running, therefore it is particularly prone to injury if exposed to abnormal twisting or exposure to external trauma. 

There are several causes of knee pain & experienced physiotherapy assessment is necessary to differentiate between the many causes of this condition: 

  • Muscular
  • Tendon
  • Cruciate ligament tear 
  • Meniscus (Cartilage) 
  • Medial or lateral collateral ligament 
  • Osgood Schlatter disease: This is an irritation of the patella ligament where it inserts into bone and is more in adolescents.
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ankle pain physio

Knee Pain Physio Appointment Review

“Having suffered a severe knee injury, there was little scope for me to return to sport. Keelan of BR Physiotherapy has been world class in helping me return to exercise. He tailored individualised programmes for my needs and worked with me step by step through the rehab. Thanks to Keelan, I can now safely exercise and play sports beyond what the doctors expected post-surgery. Highly recommend.” – Oisín

Knee Pain Assessment

If knee pain occurred due to trauma then evaluation will focus on the knee joint itself. Potential structures involved include the muscles, anterior cruciate ligament and meniscus. 

If, as in most cases, the knee joint pain arose due to overuse, then a movement quality evaluation of the whole lower limb and trunk region is warranted. 

Swelling, clicking, or giving way are all strong indicators of knee joint pathology and should be investigated immediately, as they may indicate more serious injury involving the cruciate ligaments or cartilage. 

Pain in the front of the knee which is made worse with running & jumping may indicated injury to the knee ligament just below the kneecap or Osgood-Schlatters disease (irritation of the patellar ligament where it inserts into the bone). 

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